Quiz for nurses

Next issue: October 2, 2013

September 18, 2013

What is the respiratory compensation of metabolic alkalosis ?

a) hypoventilation with an increase in the PCO2

b) hypoventilation with a decrease in the PCO2

c) hyperventilation

d) none of the above

September 4, 2013

Regarding the mitral valve which statement is correct ?

a) the anterior cusp represents approximately two-thirds of the valve ring

b) the posterior cusp is smaller

c) the area is 4.00-6.00 cm2

d) all of the above

August 21, 2013

You have to infuse 150 ml of an intravenous solution in 15 minutes. You set the infusion at a rate of

a) 600 ml/hour

b) 900 ml/hour

c) 1000 ml/hour

d) 1600 ml/hour

August 7, 2013

Why the arterial pressure is important ?

a) to maintain a good hepatic flow (for the digestion)

b) to maintain the body temperature

c) for the perfusion of all our organs

d) for the urine production

e) non of the above

July 24, 2013

All of the following drugs are cathecolamines EXCEPT :

a) epinephrine

b) norepinephrine

c) carbamazepine

d) dopamine

e) dobutamine

f) isoproterenol

July 10, 2013

What are the indications for ET intubation

a) inability to protect the airway

b) difficulty ventilating the patient

c) cardiac arrest

d) all of the above

June 19, 2013

Regarding extra and intracellular electrolytes

a) K+ is mainly intracellular

b) Na+ is mainly intracellular

c) Ca2+ is mainly intracellular

d) Na+ is stored within the myocytes

June 5, 2013

The right main coronary artery and its branches normally serv:

a) the right ventricle and atrium

b) the right and left atria

c) only the interventricular septum

d) only the lateral wall of the left ventricle

April 22, 2013

We have 300 mg of Torfital in 100 mL of 0.45% NaCl solution. The infusion runs at 30 mL/hour.

How many mcg/min do we infuse ?

a) 1000 mcg/min

b) 1500 mcg/min

c) 2000 mcg/min

d) 2500 mcg/min

April 17, 2013

Which are the severe manifestations of left atrial myxoma ?

a) Embolization

b) Obstruction of the mitral flow

c) Arrhythmias

d) Methastatic lesions

e) All of the above

f) Answer a) and b) are correct

April 3, 2013

For which drug (left side) the antidote (right side) is not specific ?

a) benzodiazepines – flumazenil

b) calcium channel blocker – calcium chloride

c) digoxin – beta blocker

d) heparin – protamine sulphate

e) opioids – naloxone

f) warfarin – vitamin K

March 20, 2013

The pulmonary valve is usually tricuspid and the leaflets are called:

a) Left, right, and anterior

b) Anterior, posterior, and left

c) Left, right, and posterior

d) Anterior, posterior, and right

March 6, 2013

We have 300 mg of Caldolor in an electronic infusion pump of 50 mL with 5% Dextrose in water. The infusion runs at 5 mL/min in a patient weighing 72 Kg.

How many mg/Kg/min of Caldolor do you give to your patient ?

a) 0.42 mg/Kg/min

b) 0.52 mg/Kg/min

c) 4.2 mg/Kg/min

d) 5.2 mg/Kg/min

Februrary 20, 2013

All of the following can induce arterial occlusion EXCEPT:

a) Arterial aneurysm

b) Arterial thrombosis

c) Vasospasm

d) Trauma

e) Thromboembolism

February 6, 2013

The propagation of the depolarization wave across the heart

a) Reduces the ventricular ejection time

b) Generates the waves (P, and QRS) of the EKG

c) Increases the stroke volume

d) Lengthens the diastolic relaxation time

January 23, 2013

Which of the following are important components of the myocardial contraction ?

a) The thin filaments of actin

b) The thick filaments of myosin

c) The long molecule of titin

d) All of the above

e) Only a) and b) are correct

January 9, 2013

Regarding the left ventricle which of the following statements is true ?

a) On transverse section has a circular form

b) It forms only a small part of the anterior surface of the heart

c) It forms the apex of the heart

d) All of the above